Organic Farming in India: A Look at Sustainable Agriculture Practices


Organic Farming in India: A Look at Sustainable Agriculture Practices

Organic farming is a sustainable agricultural system that aims to promote biodiversity, soil health, and ecological balance. In India, organic farming has gained popularity in recent years due to its ability to produce healthy, nutritious, and chemical-free food. In this blog post, we will look at the current state of organic farming in India, its benefits, challenges, and future prospects. Let us have a look at sustainable agriculture practices.

Current State of Organic Farming in India

India is the second-largest producer of organic food in the world, after Australia. According to the latest data from the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), the total area under organic farming in India is approximately 3.56 million hectares, and the organic food market is worth around INR 5000 crore. The major states practising organic farming in India are Sikkim, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

Benefits of Organic Farming

Organic farming has numerous benefits for the environment, farmers, and consumers. Some of the significant advantages of organic farming are:

Improved Soil Health: Organic farming practices, such as crop rotation, intercropping, and the use of organic manure, help improve soil fertility, texture, and structure.

Biodiversity Conservation: Organic farming promotes biodiversity conservation by preserving natural resources such as water, soil, and forests, and by promoting the growth of diverse crops and animal species.

Reduced Carbon Footprint: Organic farming reduces carbon emissions by avoiding the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, which are energy-intensive to produce.

Healthier Food: Organic food is free from harmful chemicals and has higher nutritional value, making it healthier for consumers.

Challenges Faced by Organic Farming in India

Despite its numerous benefits, organic farming in India faces several challenges. Some of the significant challenges are:

Lack of Awareness: Many farmers are not aware of the benefits of organic farming, and therefore, they continue to use synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.

Lack of Infrastructure: Organic farming requires specialized infrastructure, such as composting pits, vermicompost units, and biofertilizer production units, which are not readily available in many areas.

High Cost: Organic farming is often more expensive than conventional farming due to the high cost of organic inputs such as organic manure, biofertilizers, and organic pesticides.

Certification: Organic farming requires certification from recognized agencies, which can be a costly and time-consuming process for small farmers.

Future Prospects of Organic Farming in India

The future of organic farming in India looks promising. The Government of India has launched several schemes and programs to promote organic farming in the country. Some of the significant initiatives are:

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): This scheme aims to promote organic farming among small and marginal farmers by providing financial assistance and technical support.

National Program for Organic Production (NPOP): This program provides a certification system for organic food production and ensures that organic products meet the required standards.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): This scheme aims to promote organic farming by providing financial assistance for setting up organic farming units and infrastructure development.


Organic farming is a sustainable agricultural system that promotes biodiversity, soil health, and ecological balance. India has made significant progress in organic farming, but there are still several challenges that need to be addressed. With the government's support and increased awareness among farmers and consumers, organic farming has the potential to become a significant contributor to India's agriculture sector while ensuring a healthier environment and healthier food for everyone.

This post is part of the #BlogchatterA2Zchallenge 2023.